Easing The Pain Of Anal Fistula: What Kind Of Diet May Help Patients?

  • In respect of the global population, almost 26%-38% of people suffer from anal fistula. (Medscape)
  • Every year, almost 50,000 to 100 000 women worldwide suffer from obstetric fistula. (WHO)

A fistula is a connector between a hollow opening and another body tissue. An anorectal fistula is the most common fistula.

Most of the time, anal fistulas require surgical intervention. However, Fistula Treatment Without Surgery is also possible to some extent.

In the case of anal fistula, the abnormal tunnel-like formation springs up between infected anal glands and the skin surface near or in the anus. Whenever the mucus glands around the anal region get infected, the formation of an abscess is evident. Bumps can frequently lead to an anal fistula developing around the lining of the anal cavity.

Symptoms of Anal Fistula

By and large, mild to severe pain and bleeding are the two prime symptoms associated with anal fistula.

However, there are other symptoms also you need to watch for like,

Skin irritation around the anus surface

Painful swelling and throbbing while coughing and bowel movement

Painful bowel movement

Blood and pus discharge from the anus

Red and sore anal surface

Foul smell due to the pus discharge

A higher body temperature due to the infection

If you are going through any of these anal fistula symptoms, it is advisable that you must see a doctor as soon as possible.

Besides the surgical intervention, tiny shifts in regular lifestyle can also help.

In many cases, home remedies can alleviate the anal fistula symptoms at the initial stage.

Home Remedies For Anal Fistula

Following are a few temporary home remedy options to ease the pain of anal fistula:

Sitz Bath 

Sitz bath provides temporary pain relief to the anal surface.

The process involves the anal surface soaking in lukewarm to warm water.

The process ensures relief from skin inflammation and pain around the anal area.

Sitz bath helps patients to get rid of swelling and pain to some point.

Patients can take a sitz bath multiple times a day s per their fistula conditions.

However, patients must use a clean tub to maintain hygiene.

Doctors often prescribe disinfectants like Betadine solutions to add to the warm water.

Stool Softener 

Laxatives and stool softeners help patients to deal with constipation. Stool softeners can ease the passage of stool passes. As a result, it relieves the pain associated with the fistula.

However, one should not intake any of these without consulting the doctor.

Foamed Chair For Sitting

The fistula becomes painful while sitting on a chair or wearing clothes.

Patients can use foamed chairs or place a pillow on the chair to get more comfortable.

Pain Relief Ointments

Fistula pain-relieving ointments are out there.

These aesthetic and antibiotic creams reduce fistula pain and the redness around the anal region.

But, patients must apply the ointments with the permission of doctors.


Water intake deficiency leads patients to constipation.

Moreover, sufficient water intake helps the digestive system run properly.

Hence, if fistula patients drink less water, the situation gets worse.

Patients must drink an adequate amount of water to avoid constipation. When the stool is soft and moist, it will impact a comparatively low impact on the fistula.

Therefore, hydration is crucial to control your fistula symptoms.

Personal Hygiene

Whether piles, fissures, or fistula, maintaining personal hygiene is the ultimate way of taking care of yourself.

Clean the fistula area regularly. But, of course, be gentle while you clean the anal surface.

You can use soft tissues or a gently sprayed shower to clean the anal area.

And most of all, clean your hands before and after you wash the area.

Diets To Follow For Anal Fistula Patients

Dietary plans play a significant role for fistula patients.

Besides the regular medications and pain relief ointments, patients must adopt healthy food habits.

Moreover, some kitchen hacks like electrolytes, fluids, fiber-rich foods, Etc., are essential to speed up the recovery.

But, what kind of foods must one intake while suffering from fistula?

Keep reading.

Read More: Best Hemorrhoid Treatment in Chandigarh.


Fiber-rich foods are essential for fistula patients.

Cereals are rich in fiber.

Cereals include brown rice, oats, quinoa, whole wheat, and ragi, to name a few.

Fibre-rich cereals help patients maintain optimum body functioning.

Additionally, cereals also promote a healthy digestive system.

A healthy digestive system always eases the stool passing.

Hence, regular cereal intake alleviates the pain and strain of the fistula.


Pulses are rich in protein and fiber.

Some of the best pulses are Kidney beans, moong dal, chickpeas, masoor dal, and soybean. These pulses are indispensable for maintaining a healthy digestive system.

Pulses keep the urinary tract clear, adding volume to the stool.

Consequently, fistula patients experience less struggle and strain during bowel movements.

Leafy Vegetables

A diet plan for fistula patients must include green leafy veggies like cabbage, lettuce, spinach, kale, Etc.

On the one hand, green leafy vegetables contain lots of vitamins and minerals. On the other hand, they are a rich source of fiber.

Regular leafy green vegetables keep the patient’s stomach full and a healthy digestive system.

Fresh Fruits

Like vegetables, fresh fruits like apples, bananas, papayas, avocado, Etc., are a crucial part of a fistula patient’s daily diet.

Fiber-rich fruits lower the chances of sudden outbursts from the fistula area.

Especially papaya is very effective in clearing bowels, promoting a healthy digestive system.

A quick mixed fruit salad is palatable and healthy at the same time.


Coconuts are a great source of fiber.

If regular intake of leafy vegetables seems boring, you can add coconut to your diet.

Coconuts will bulk up the stool, ensuring regular bowel movements.


Fish is a rich source of omega-3 fatty acids, such as EPA and DOHA.

Regular fish intake like salmon, tuna, etc., improves bowel function.

Fish intake makes the digestive tract smooth to make the feces flow at ease.

Milk products

Skimmed milk and yogurt prove helpful for patients suffering from fistula.

Yogurt contains probiotics that promote better digestion.


To conclude, an anal fistula is critical to treat from the roots.

There are chances of recurrence of the anal fistula.

Patients may go for home remedies for temporary relief at the initial stage of fistula formation.

Therefore, at the initial stage, Fistula Treatment Without Surgery

is highly preferable rather than surgical intervention.

Read More: Best Piles Treatment in Chandigarh

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